Using Common Objects For Self Defence

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Use Common Objects for self defence and make it home safely.

Learn how to turn a Pen, Keys or Bag into a Weapon.

Krav Maga was developed as military close-quarter combat system and it included bayonet fighting, knife fighting, usage of firearms of any kind as an impact weapon, weapon retention etc. As the system was adapted over time from use in the military to catering to the needs of civilians, among other self-defence methods, techniques of usage of different objects – such as keys, pens, umbrellas, bags, chairs etc. – also grew. Later on the basis of these techniques a universal methodology was developed of u common objects as self defence weapons.

This concept is very simple and intuitive and may be effectively used by everyone who practices any martial art.

The key idea is that there are just a few standard ways to use common objects as weapons – and if somebody learns these ways, they may use virtually any found object in any self defence situation.

OBJECTS SIMILAR TO A STICK

These are broken boughs and branches, mops, brooms, bottles, canes, baseball bats, billiard cues, golf and hockey sticks, umbrellas, crowbars, hammers, “Mag-Lite” flashlights and any other objects, which allows to strike or thrust opponent from some distance.

Such a “weapon” is used mainly to attack the opponent from the safe distance before he comes close to you or to block assailant’s attacks.

Main techniques with a stick – swinging strikes at different directions and angels (and with a similar move also may be used as a basic block/defence) and one- or two-handed thrust.

Primary targets for the strikes are head and neck, collar bones, solar-plexus, elbows, knees, kidneys and groin. In the situation where the assailant tries to grab, punch or kick you, you may also defend yourself by “attacking” his hands, wrists and the thumb side of forearms. Thrusts are usually directed into face, solar plexus, throat or ribs.

OBJECTS SIMILAR TO A STICK

commonobjects

These are broken boughs and branches, mops, brooms, bottles, canes, baseball bats, billiard cues, golf and hockey sticks, umbrellas, crowbars, hammers, “Mag-Lite” flashlights and any other objects, which allows to strike or thrust opponent from some distance.
Such a “weapon” is used mainly to attack the opponent from the safe distance before he comes close to you or to block assailant’s attacks.

Main techniques with a stick – swinging strikes at different directions and angels (and with a similar move also may be used as a basic block/defence) and one- or two-handed thrust.

Primary targets for the strikes are head and neck, collar bones, solar-plexus, elbows, knees, kidneys and groin. In the situation where the assailant tries to grab, punch or kick you, you may also defend yourself by “attacking” his hands, wrists and the thumb side of forearms. Thrusts are usually directed into face, solar plexus, throat or ribs.

OBJECTS SIMILAR TO A KNIFE

fork_self_defense

This category covers all these objects which may be used to stab or to cut/slash – knives, scissors, screwdrivers, broken bottles and glass splinters, chisels, pens and pencils, razors, forks, etc’.

These objects, like the knife, used in what we define in Krav Maga as medium distance (distance of about the length of an extended arm) to attack your opponents vulnerable areas – first of all, his hands, wrists, face and neck, which aren’t protected by clothes.

Three of the most typical techniques with “object, similar to knife” are straight stab, ice-pick/downwards stab, upward/underhand and slash. However, if you learned any other knife fighting system, you may use also your favourite techniques.

As these may be lethal techniques the Krav Maga student is taught also in which events/scenarios/needs to use them

OBJECTS SIMILAR TO A ROCK or STONE

These small but massive objects like stones and small rocks, full bottles, billiard balls, phones, ash-trays, small statues, big books, beer glasses etc.

This category can be used in two ways. First is to injure an opponent being thrown to hit the assailant from a distance – all Such objects usually should be thrown to opponent’s face or chest from distance of few steps, to avoid missing him/her or for him/her to close the gap.

However, another option is for the same object to be used at closer distance as a kind of brass-knuckle to strike opponent’s head or other vulnerable areas including the attacking limb if he/she tries to grab, punch or kick you.

The way of attacking is rather similar to the way of punching with the palm/fist, and it is important that your own fingers will not be caught between the object and the target.

SMALL OBJECTS and LIQUIDS

This category is for all these objects which may be used to distract the opponent’s attention as: keys, coins, wristwatch, cigarette-lighter or food, which may be thrown to opponent’s face, flashlight which allows to blind assailant for a few seconds, sand or dirt, which may be thrown to attacker’s face by hand or by foot etc. – in all cases, opponent’s eyes are the target.

A similar category is liquids. Different liquids as alcoholic drinks or hot beverages as tea or coffee, and even regular water, which may be splashed to opponent’s face, hair varnish, repellents, perfumes or deodorant which may be sprayed to assailant eyes etc. When opponent distracted, this moment should be used to run away or to counter.

Other categories of objects

Vehicles (cars), Electricity and Fire. Students are taught the basic use of such objects. Also people can assist you, we do not see them as objects, but their contribution to your survival may be enormous. Some objects may be attributed to a few categories at the same time. For example, hammer is a combination of a baton and a stone to strike an opponent. An axe is a combination of a stick, stone and knife.

What makes the Krav Maga system unique with its approach to the use of common objects for self-defence is our training methods and its universality – Krav Maga concepts allow us to use virtually any object, which we may access, without thinking a lot about which specific techniques may be used with each specific “weapon”. To be able to use environmental objects in a real self-defence situation, you need to train.

You should train on a daily basis, when sitting in your home, walking along the street, eating in the restaurant or working at your job place – look around and try to think how and what you may use, for self-defense, which these objects may you access at that moment? Which weapons category does each of them belong to? Which of them would you would prefer to use first? Why? Little by little you will learn to pay attention to your environment permanently, at each and every moment, so if there will such a need, you will be able to arm yourself within a fraction of second.

In Krav Maga, we learn to use common objects as weapons, as well as a part of the body and an extension of the hand, for defenses and attacks as the situation requires.

When you practice at your self-defence school or at your backyard with friends, try to use different objects (first of all, these which you always have with you – keys, bag, jacket etc.) as a weapon in a fight against unarmed attacker, against an assailant who is armed with a knife or a stick, multiple attackers etc.

Choose these techniques that are most effective especially for you and learn these techniques with different objects until you apply them instinctively. Do this with care and attention so no harm or damage will come to you, your friends or the property around you. And, last but not least, a few common principles, which may be applied for any weapon.

•Use strong against weak. When using improvised weapons, you should carefully choose targets – you weapon should be “stronger” than opponent’s body in this area. For example, if you hold crowbar or metal pipe, you don’t need to pay too much attention to choosing a target, any of your strike will be devastating – however if you armed yourself with a pen or a key, the list of possible targets automatically narrows to body parts, which aren’t covered by clothes – face, neck and hands.

• Strike in 5 main directions. Almost every strike or block with weapon may be applied in 5 main directions – upward, downward, to the left, to the right straight strike and naturally all variations and angles/diagonals.

• It’s possible to leave or change a weapon. When you armed yourself with some object, you don’t have to keep it for the duration of the fight – may be, at some moment it’ll better to drop it (or to throw it), especially if it hinders or limits your actions, and as needed and possible, grab something else.

• Use not only weapons, but also arms and legs. Don’t tie your mind to your weapon – remember that you have also two legs and, may be a free hand and a head. As a simple fighting tactic – you may demonstrate that you attack with the weapon and really attack with an arm or leg, or the opposite, fake that you plan to throw punch or kick but really strike with the weapon, you may block with the weapon and counter with the limb etc.

• Use short moves. Strike should be short and without any preparation that may telegraph you intentions to opponent. Finally, we wish that you will never need the skills described in this article. However, if one day you find yourself in a situation where you need to protect yourself or loved ones with a weapon in your hands, it’ll better for you to be prepared.

As the Romans said: “If you wish to live in peace – be prepared to war.”

 

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